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REMAINS ARCHAEOLOGICAL HEAD OF IT VACATES


To 5 km aprox. to the Southwest of the city of you Knock down (10 minutes in car). This archaeological group of adobe and stone was busy, according to the investigators, from times preincas, during the prevalence Chimú and even during the Inca domain. In the place they have been ceramic pieces, skeletons and stone instruments and a shop in which shells like the spondylus and other bivalve mollusks were worked.

Also, he/she has met an on the way to 8 built km with smooth song that connected the archaeological place with the coast, as well as an irrigation channel and a pyramid truncates or huaca of adobe denominated "Head of Cow", of 250 meters long, 100 meters wide and 15 meters of high.

Source http://www.peru.info/s_ftociudades.asp?pdr=673&jrq =3.23.1 & ic=1&ids=1334


THE WAR OF INKA RECONQUERS

Finished the warlike preparations, Francisco Pizarro left from Panama at the end of January of 1531, with 180 infants and 37 horsemen. And 13 days after the sailing, Mateo, coastal limit of Tawantinsuyo disembarked in the san bay.

From this bay, it leaves of the troop invasora it continued for sea and the other one, for the coast until the village of Coaque. In this town Pizarro camped to train the inexperienced soldiers and to wait its partners that arrived with more people to continue to the town of you Knock down. During this time, Atao Wallpa - taking advantage of the truce of Kusipampa - it was pacifying the counties of Yumbos and Quijos and to the knowledge that the foreigners arrived to the coast were few, he/she didn't give them importance trusting that the residents of the coast could defend of their pillagings.

Among so much, the Spaniards that had remained for several months in this village, supporting hunger, the wrong of warts and the growing hostility of their residents, by the middle of September of this year with the received reinforcements restarted their march for the coast, and after going by the towns of Pasao and Caraques they arrived the following month at the town of Old" "Pig - in the equatorial county of Paches, where they camped "two months" to wait to the rest of people that Hernando of Soto would come with the captain.

Atao Wallpa - for this time - it was probably in Tumipampa preparing the great offensive against Wanka Auki, captain of Wascar Inka. According to several testimonies, - in old Port - at the same time that the Spaniards were informed of the civil war Inka, also Atao Wallpa knew about them more concrete news on its physical aspect, their strange weapons, the beasts that rode and on the pillagings and slaughters that had made in the towns of the coast. However, this prince without noticing of the danger, instead of sending people against them, more interested in the war he/she conformed to with highlighting disguised spies so that they watched over their journey discreetly for the coast.

For this imprudence of Atao Wallpa, the Spaniards advanced without difficulty until some point of golf of Guayaquil. In this place, when they deliberated to continue in the island of Puná or the town of you Knock down; they arrived in a candle" "raft the messengers sent for you Take it, - Kuraka of this island - to invite Pizarro and their people to the months of rain to pass in Puná. without one can know, if this invitation was spontaneous or for the instructions of the tokrikoq Inka (governor of Old Port, Puná, and Knock down) that was in the island. The certain one is that the Spaniards were confused with this unexpected invitation, stiller when they told them that this could be an artifice of the islanders to drown them in the sea, I eat before they had made with the officials of Wayna Qhapaq. When Pizarro thought about this risk, the same one arrived you Take it with a "fleet of rafts" to take it personally to the island, but when realizing the distrust of Pizarro it asked him/her to go with him in the same raft to dissipate its fears and perspicacities.

Although one doesn't have sure date of the step of the island Puná, it is probable that it happened, in the first days of December of 1531, as he/she comes off of the first foundry made in the island, 13 in this month and year.

A time later, - according to several versions - you Take it he/she regretted their imprudent invitation when seeing that their guests, without any consideration, allied with their enemies, the tumbesinos. What is more, trusted the power of their weapons, in their chivalry and dogs of war, they began to steal and to abuse of the women, and even without repair some to profane the worshipped adoratorios in the island. The Spanish excesses arrived to such an end that you Take it, to instances of their curacas, it solved to put an end to these outrages. But this intent was not successful and it finished tragically. They were captured him and the curacas that participated in the conspiracy. Although you Take it it saved their life paying a considerable rescue, I didn't seize the unfortunate curacas. Some were burnt alive and the other ones, surrendered to the vindicta of the tumbesinos who in reprisal to the last war, they cut them openly the heads.

The columnist Pedro Cieza of León, - confirming these facts. he/she refers that the gentlemen of Puná, complaining that the Inca to be fighting among them, didn't realize the so ferocious "enemies that they had entered in their earth", they agreed for their bill to attack the Spaniards. He/she adds that with this purpose, a part of them went to burn its ships and the other one to surprise them in its camp. Regrettably both intents failed, the first could not achieve their objective and the seconds, neither. At the end, they were destroyed by the pack of dogs of war, the chivalry and the firearms of the enemies. For the first time, it was this way how the warlike European technology was imposed to the value and the men's of Puná recklessness. The arcabuces on the arrows and clubs, the armors, escaupiles and helmets, on the cotton tunics and the insular combatants' wooden morions.

However, in spite of this inequality the men of restored Puná of the first disaster, again organized and with more impulse than before, they attacked the Spaniards again. But this time, for gangs that hid quickly in the swamps and tembladeras of the island after attacking them for surprise. The hostility was so big that Pizarro called to you Take it, so that exercising its influence calmed the aggression of the raised curacas. But everything was useless. Take it he/she received for all answer that they would not leave the weapons, until this "bad people" left of the island.

Under these conditions and in permanent it keels, the Spaniards saw in the island until the captain arrived Hernando of Soto in March of 1532. With this reinforcement, Pizarro agreed to move to the town of you Knock down at the end of this month or in the first days of April of this year.

Among so much, Chilimasa main Kuraka of you Knock down, when knowing the intentions of fearful Pizarro that in their earth he/she repeated the same pillages perpetrated in Puná, after reconciling with you Take it, he/she returned to the town of you knock down to avoid the landing of the Spaniards in their earth. It is said that with this purpose, ardidosamente sent a fleet of rafts so that a part of Spaniards went aboard in them with the intention of drowning them in the sea. While he/she prepared their people to give them it battles when the other ones arrived at the beach. Unfortunately, the calculations of the kuraka were not, of the Spaniards that came in rafts, only three of them were died and to those that disembarked in the beach with Francisco Pizarro neither could contain them. The tumbesinos to weigh that they fought heroically in defense of their earth, they were destroyed in the tidelands of Chepa by the chivalry and dogs of the enemies' war.

Conquered the resistance of Chilimasa, the Spaniards occupied the town of you Knock down. When seeing it almost destroyed and without the described wealths, they were about to stone the liars of Candia. The town was burnt, its buildings, knocked down, the walls of the temple of the sun didn't have the you veneer of gold that so much had pondered; the dissatisfaction of The soldiery became general and Pizarro had to use energy and a lot of knack to calm them. Chilimasa, among so much, he/she retired to the interior, toward the mountain to continue the war with the military help of Atao Wallpa. But this prince but interested in pursuing to the army of Wascar, it didn't send him/her any help. On the contrary, in those days it arrived at the town of you Knock down Kuraka Vilchunlay with a contingent of having welded cañaris to unite with the Spaniards against Atao Wallpa. Before this circumstance. Chilimasa, without another alternative, had to make the "peace" with the Spaniards to avoid them to finish destroying the town of you Knock down and to accept the obligation of paying them certain compensation for the dead Spaniards and the baggage lost in the rafts shipwrecks.

After these events. Pizarro moved with its troop to the town of Poechos where it camped May of this year 16. It is said that in this town, the Spanish boss received information about the war among Atao Wallpa and Wascar Inka and on the towns that had formed in favor of the one and of the other litigant.

For then, defeated Wanka Auki pampas and Qocha Waylla, Atao Wallpa had occupied the valley of Cajamarca camping in the bathrooms of Qoñoq, next to the tambo and Cajamarca. This prince, while their forces pursued to the army of Wascar Inka, he/she sent a "apo" or captain so that it spied of about the Spaniards and he/she informed him/her on their number and their customs. Indeed, after observing them, it ordered him/her to say that they were few and "some bearded left thieves of the sea" that "gentlemen came in some so big rams (flames) as those of Collao" and that these foreigners were not men of war, and that their horses slipped at night" and that with only "two hundred" men it would "kill them to all them."

The Spaniards, to the help of their presumptuous trust, advanced without difficulty until the valley of Amotape and after burning alive and to hang to the curacas that you/they attempted oponérseles Tangarará camped in the place of Kuraka, in the low part of the chira (next to the bay of Payta) valley. A time later, maybe by the middle of July, they founded San Miguel's town, the first pierce European in the coast of Peru. In this town they remained several months, imposing the terror and depredating their defenseless inhabitants, awaiting the results of the civil war Inka.

According to Peruvian witnesses, Wascar Inka also received reports of the abuses that made the Spaniards. The messengers tallanes warned him/her that with their new weapons they had subjected to the towns of the coast and they had settled down in the valley of "Tangarará." The same testimonies refer that Inka, sensing the danger that hung on Tawantinsuyo, ordered new recruitments and the one sent from spies to Huamachuco to know the attitude of Atao Wallpa with the foreigners. These evidences dissipate the version of Zárate definitively. Gómara Garcilaso, according to the one which Wascar Inka requested military help to the Spaniards against its brother Atao Wallpa.

Of the chronological confrontation that we have made, it is deduced when the Spaniards camped in the town of you Knock down, Atao Wallpa was already in the tambo of Cajamarca and when in May, Pizarro arrived to the valley of the river Chira, Atao Wallpa was in Guamachuco from whose county had sent their "second people" Kiskis and Chalko Chima in persecution of Wanka Auki, to which you/they defeated successively in the moor of Pum-pum and in Yanamalca, in the valley of Jauja.

Source: http://espanol.geocities.com / edmundoguillenguillen / you paginate / liberate / la_guerra_de_la_reconquista_inka.html



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