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PLANTATIONS OF BANANA IN YOU KNOCK DOWN


The banana and banana tree (Muse sp.) in Peru, they are especially cultivations that are characterized to be a nutritious valuable source for the consumer and an important factor of alimentary security for the producer and their family, in the forest.

Also, it generates permanent revenues for the farmers, constituting a small" "box to finance other agricultural activities. He/she is considered in 147,987 the number of families that you/they depend directly and indirectly of this cultivation to inclination to the productive chain. The type banana is consumed mostly cooked or in fritters, in green or I mature; among the commercial main varieties this the 'Knavish', 'Knavish Plantano' 'Inguiri.' The type banana tree is consumed as table fruit, highlighting the commercial varieties 'Silk' (Cavendish, Gros Michell), 'Island', 'Moquicho or Biscochito' and 'Capirona '.

In the country they are cultivated around 152,275 there are of banana and banana tree, with an annual dear total production for the year 2002 of 1'450 ,000 tons. The 71.5% of the cultivation areas is located in the region forest, 22% in the north (Piura and Knock down) coast and a 6.5% in different departments of the country. Approximately 90% of the national production is dedicated to the self-consumption and the difference is for the regional, national commercialization and it stops export. The main consumption market is the department of Lima that absorbs 8% of the total production of the forest and north coast. At the moment, small farmers located in Piura and Knock down they are exporting organic banana tree, toward markets of United States and Europe, and their growth in the last three years has been significant. In the year 2000 exported 856 tons to the United States and in the 2002 these they ascended to 19,080 tons (1.3% of the national production) for a FOB value of US $ 8'761049. Toward final of the 2002 the certified areas of organic banana tree were 2,350 there is, with more than 3,000 farmers involved in this activity, and a demand of 876,200 wages a year. He/she is considered that for the year 2003 the certified areas overcome the 5,000 there is.

The siembra and exploitation of the banana and banana tree confront technical problems that limit their productivity. The current cultivares is highly susceptible to the illness to foliate Sigatoka quarter note (Mycospherella fijiensis), black (Cosmopolytes sordidus) attack of the beaked one and the virosis presence like they are the lined (BSV) Virus and mosaic (CMV) in banana tree. Reducing the productivity among a 40 to 50%, arriving in extreme cases to the total loss of the plantations. The agronomic handling of the cultivation is characterized in its majority to carry out practical cultural inefficient and for the use of seeds without quality. Most of the production doesn't reach the standards of quality that it demands the market, mainly that of export, where alone the range oscillates among a 30 to 50% this qualifying as fruit of first. The national consumption is limited alone as fresh fruit in spite of the great diversity of alternative agroindustrial (chips, starch, flour for milky, dehydrated fruit, liquors, panificación, pharmaceutical industry, foods for children, etc.).

Source: http://www.inia.gob.pe/platano/resumen.htm



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PLANTATIONS OF BANANA IN YOU KNOCK DOWN
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