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NATIONAL SANCTUARY THE SWAMPS OF YOU KNOCK DOWN


The National Sanctuary Maglares of you Knock down, it is in the county of Zarumilla, Department of you Knock down, to 24 kilometers to the northeast of the city of you Knock down. You arrives for the Pan-American highway that travels the coast of the country lengthwise and that it goes by the city of you Knock down, located to 1246 Km to the north of the capital of the republic of Peru. From the city of you Knock down until the height of the city of Zarumilla (20 Km.) and starting from this for the highway carrozable that leads to the well-known place as The Locust (9 Km.), where the Position of Control of INRENA is located.

The climate of the area is great tropical and sunny part of the year, with temperatures annual stockings of the order of 25° C. sporadic Rains between December and March. Being the best season to visit the sanctuary between the months of April and December, in her the visitor can carry out picture activities, observation of the wild life and trekking, very apart from the activities that the inhabitants of the area carry out.

The National Sanctuary the Swamps of you Knock down it is a protected area of Peru that I embrace some 28 thousand hectares initially, which have decreased significantly with the time due to the pruning of forests with the purpose of establishing hatcheries of prawns.

The community of the swamp in you Knock down it is tipificada for four mangrove species: the red (Rhizophora mangrove) mangrove, the mangrove sa-side (Avicennia germinans), the white (Laguncularia racemosa) mangrove, and the mangrove button (Conocarpus erectus) as well as other 40 botanical varieties. These swamps are the appropriate habitat, and in many unique cases, for a wide range of species. As for the aquatic fauna, 33 species of snails exist, 34 of crustaceans, 24 of mollusks with shell and 105 of fish, many of them of commercial importance. We also find more than 200 varieties of birds - unique many of them and in extinction danger -, as blue of different species or the bird frigate (fregata magni-ficens) and mammals of restricted distribution and in strange or threatened situation, as the dog conchero (Procyon cancrivorus), the otter of the northwest (Lutra longicaudis), the bear manglero or raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus), without forgetting the [[American crocodile].

Nowadays this sanctuary has acquired its importance since it is the representative only sample of the forests of swamps in Peru. It is more, it doesn't only provide firewood, stakes and props, but rather it is also a natural barrier against the erosion that you/they produce the waves and tides. Also, when producing an enormous quantity of silts and organic matter goes him/her gaining ground to the ocean. Also, like we have said before, there they are resources that the handmade fishermen extract for the local population's feeding and they constitute a refuge for the crocodile of you Knock down (Crocodylus acutus) or American crocodile, species that is in extinction road. To develop a sustainable tourism is of vital importance for their conservation and that of the handmade fishermen that you/they can find an extra source of revenues and to minimize their impact at the same time that they conserve their traditional methods. A sector strong and organized tourist sosteniblemente can also compete with the langostineras and to help to conserve the place.

The main threats to the National Sanctuary The Swamps of you Knock down they are the langostineras presence that deforestan affecting the habitat and they contaminate with efluentes, the excessive extraction of natural resources as shells and crabs, the generation of garbage in the towns, and the contamination for domestic and chemical drainages of the agricultural activity. Other main threats include the deforestation of the forest and adjacent heath to the swamps for the agricultural activity, the increment of the disordered tourism, and the negative influence of The Boy's phenomenon that it alters patterns of the ecosystems affecting to the swamps.

Source: http://es.wikipedia.org / wiki / Santuario_Nacional_Manglares_de_Tumbes



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© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.